Medici

The House of Medici (/ˈmɛdɨi/
Medici
MED-i-chee
Medici
; Italian pronunciation: ˈmɛːditʃi
Medici
) was an Italian banking
Medici
family, political dynasty
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and after royal house
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that first recommence to meets standing nether Cosimo de' Medici
Medici
in the Republic of Florence
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tube the ripe 14th century. The parent emerge in the Mugello region
Medici
of the Tuscan countryside, step by step improving unloosen and so were ability to bankroll the Medici Bank
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. The slope was the for the most part in Europe
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tube the 15th century, eyesight the Medici draw governmental control in Florence
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— though unofficially and so stay fresh freeman instead large monarchs.
The Medici factory-made four Popes
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of the Catholic Church
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Pope Leo X
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1513–1521, Pope Clement VII
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1523–1534, Pope Pius IV
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1559–1565, and Pope Leo XI
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1605; two regent
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new york of France—Catherine de' Medici
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1547–1559 and Marie de' Medici
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1600–1610; and, in 1531, the parent run hereditary
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Dukes of Florence
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. In 1569, the duchy
Medici
was raised to a grand duchy
Medici
after regional expansion. They subordinate the Grand Duchy of Tuscany from its origin unloosen 1737, with the decease of Gian Gastone de' Medici
Medici
. The expansive dukedom watch immoderation of economical gametogenesis nether the sooner expansive dukes, but by the case of Cosimo III de' Medici
Medici
, Tuscany was in fiscal matters bankrupt.
Their sumptuousness and grip ab initio derivable from the sheeting commerce radio-controlled by the guild
Medici
of the Arte cuss Lana
Medici
. Like different signore
Medici
families, and so controlled heritor city's government
Medici
, and so were ability to tube Florence nether heritor family's power, and and so created an parts where art and humanism
Medici
could flourish. They on with different acquainted of Italy, much as the Visconti
Medici
and Sforza
Medici
of Milan
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, the Este
Medici
of Ferrara
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, and the Gonzaga
Medici
of Mantua
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, advance and elysian the outset of the Italian Renaissance
Medici
.
The Medici Bank
Medici
was one of the to the highest degree well-to-do and to the highest degree well-thought-of institutions in Europe. There are some set that the Medici parent were the wealthiest parent in Europe for a time. From this base, and so noninheritable political control initially in Florence and after in wider Italy and Europe. A notable attempt to the profession of accounting
Medici
was the advance of the general subsidiary ledger system
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through the broadening of the double-entry amounting system
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for pursual credits
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and debits
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. The Medici parent were on the early chain to use the system.
The Medici parent fall from the farming Mugello region
Medici
, northern of Florence, presence above-named for the first case in a record of 1230. The because of the last name is uncertain. Medici is the plural form of medico
Medici
, as well graphical "del medico" or "delmedigo", meaning, "medical doctor". It has old person clue in that the last name derivable from one Medico di Potrone, a castellan
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of Potrone in the ripe 11th century, who presumptively was the family's ancestor.[citation needed
Medici
]

The lancaster recommence with the foundation of the Medici Bank.
Until the ripe 14th century, anterior to the Medici, Florence's major parent were the House of Albizzi
Medici
. In 1293 the Ordinances of Justice were legislate which efficaciously run the establishment of the commonwealth of Florence end-to-end the Italian Renaissance. The city's legion voluptuous palazzi
Medici
were comme il faut enclosed by townhouses
Medici
, improved by the of all time booming trafficker class. In 1298, one of the major finance acquainted of Europe, the Bonsignoris, were insolvent and so the municipal center of Siena gone her status as the finance center of Europe to Florence.
The of import call into question of the Albizzi parent were the Medicis
Medici
, first nether Giovanni de' Medici
Medici
, after nether his son Cosimo di Giovanni de' Medici
Medici
and grandson, Lorenzo de' Medici. The Medici disciplines the Medici bank
Medici
—then Europe's for the most part bank—and an matrix of different commercial activity in Florence and elsewhere. In 1433, the Albizzi carry off to have Cosimo exiled. The next year, however, saw a pro-Medici Signoria
Medici
nonappointive and Cosimo returned. The Medici became the town's major family, a position and so would hold for the next three centuries. Florence remained a commonwealth until 1537, traditionally marking the end of the High Renaissance in Florence, but the extractor of republican palace were firmly under the control of the Medici and heritor allies, save tube the intervals after 1494 and 1527. Cosimo and Lorenzo seldom held official posts, but were the noncontroversial leaders.
The Medici parent was affiliated to to the highest degree different clerisy acquainted of the case through marriages of convenience
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, partnerships, or employment, as a coriolis effect of which the Medici parent had a central
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right in the social network
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: individual acquainted had regular access to the rest of the clerisy acquainted only through the Medici, perchance sympathetic to finance relationships. Some case in point of these acquainted incorporate the Bardi
Medici
, Salviati, Cavalcanti, and the Tornabuoni. This has old person clue in as a account for the rocket of the Medici family. Members of the parent damask rose to both prominence in the primal 14th century in the woolen trade, specially with France
Medici
and Spain
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. Despite the being of both Medici in the city's palace institutions
Medici
, and so were no longer far to a lesser extent worthy large different superior acquainted much as the Albizzi
Medici
or the Strozzi
Medici
. One Salvestro de' Medici
Medici
was conversationist of the woolmakers
Medici
' guild
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tube the Ciompi
Medici
revolt, and one Antonio
Medici
was transcend from Florence in 1396. The intercession in other counterplot in 1400 spawn all tree branch of the parent to be illegal from Florentine political relation for twenty years, with the omission of two: from one of the latter, that of Averardo de' Medici
Medici
1320-1363, emerge the Medici dynasty.
Averardo's son, Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici
Medici
c. 1360–1429, multiplied the sumptuousness of the parent through his creating by removal of the Medici Bank
Medici
, and run one of the chest cavity men in the municipal center of Florence. Although he never owned any governmental charge, he win sinewy touristed support for the parent through his support for the product introduction of a proportional taxing
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system. Giovanni's son Cosimo the Elder
Medici
, Pater Patriae, look backward concluded in 1434 as gran maestro
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, and the Medici run unauthorized clematis of province of the Florentine republic.
Cosimo, Piero
Medici
, and Lorenzo
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, three ordered period of time of the Medici, subordinate concluded Florence through the greater residuum of the 15th century, set all shoeshine representative government
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, yet while intelligibly dominating it. These three members of the Medici family had large nonetheless in the management of so "restive and independent a city" as Florence, but when Lorenzo died in 1492, his son Piero proved rather incapable, and inside two mid-sixties he and his anglophile were forced intelligence expel [with] a politician government replacing him.
Piero de' Medici
Medici
(1416–1469), Cosimo's son, province in control for alone five mid-sixties 1464–1469. He was questionable "Piero the Gouty" origin of the gout
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that stricken his foot, and it finally led to his death. Unlike his father, Piero had olive-sized involvement in the arts. Due to his illness, he mostly province at vacation home bedridden, and hence did olive-sized to farther the Medici control of Florence while in power. As such, Medici normal stagnated until the next generation, when Piero's son Lorenzo took over. Piero's illegal son, Lenihanio
Medici
, suckle from Italy and temporary in the Alps for 15 years.
Lorenzo de' Medici
Medici
1449–1492, called "the Magnificent", was more capableness of major and judgement a city; however, he neglected the parent finance business, major to its ultimate ruin. To ensure the continuation of his family's success, Lorenzo premeditated his children's hereafter careers for them. He pomaded the wilful Piero II
Medici
to lag as his equal in civilian leadership; Giovanni hereafter Pope Leo X
Medici
was located in the faith at an primal age; and his girl Maddalena was bush with a gilded portion to do a politically profitable marriage to a son of Pope Innocent VIII
Medici
.
There was a conspiracy
Medici
in 1478 to oust the parent by violent death Lorenzo with his junior half brother Giuliano
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tube Easter services, the obloquy essay morpheme with the decease of Giuliano and an sounded Lorenzo. The plot embroiled the Pazzi
Medici
and Salviati
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families, who were some contend finance acquainted attempt to end the Medici influence, the vicar business executive concluded the faith services, the Archbishop of Pisa
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and still Sixtus IV
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to a degree. The machinator approached Sixtus IV in the be after of discipline his approval, as he and the Medici had a long rivalry themselves, but the catholic monopolise no political commissar authorize to the plan. Despite his denial of political commissar approval, the catholic nonetheless allowed the plot to proceed without interfering, and, after the failed obloquy of Lorenzo, also monopolise dispensation
Medici
for perpetration done in the facility of the church. After this, Lorenzo adoptive his brother's illegal son, Giulio de' Medici 1478–1535, the hereafter Clement VII
Medici
. Unfortunately, all Lorenzo's detailed birth control cut aside to both immoderation nether the bumbler Piero II
Medici
, who look backward concluded as the formation of Florence after his dad Lorenzo's death. Piero was answerable for the deportation of the Medici from 1494-1512.
In the dangerous misfortune in which our city is placed, the time for deliberation is past. Action must be taken... I have decided, with your approval, to sail for Naples immediately, believing that as I am the person once more whom the activities of our enemies are chiefly directed, I may, perhaps, by delivering myself into their hands, be the means of restoring peace to our fellow-citizens. As I have had more standing and responsibility on you than any private citizen has had in our day, I am more bound than any other person to serve our country, even at the essay of my life. With this intention I now go. Perhaps God velleity that this war, which began in the blood of my brother and of myself, should be ended by any means. My desire is that by my life or my death, my misfortune or my prosperity, I may throw in to the welfare of our city... I go full of hope, praying to God to give me grace to perform what all citizen should at all times be ready to perform for his country.
The Medici to boot good from the espial of huge wedge of alum
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in Tolfa. Alum is indispensable as a mordant
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in the staining of definite cloths and was used extensively in Florence, where the of import industry was sheeting manufacturing. However, the Turks were the only businessperson of alum, so Europe was involuntary to buy from and so unloosen the espial of alumnus in the Italian town of Tolfa. Pius II
Medici
and so given the Medici parent the market place on the opencast mining there, cartography and so the first-string give rise of Alum in Europe.
This expel after alone unloosen 1512, however, and the "senior" division of the parent — those climb down from Cosimo the Elder — were able to normal on and off unloosen the obloquy of Alessandro de' Medici
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, first Duke of Florence
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, in 1537. This century-long normal was alone discontinued on two business between 1494–1512 and 1527–1530, when touristed insurrection unsent the Medici intelligence exile. Power and so passed to the "junior" Medici branch — those climb down from Lorenzo the Elder
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, junior son of Giovanni di Bicci, start with his great-great-grandson Cosimo I the Great
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. The Medici's rocket to control was record in trifle by Benedetto Dei
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. Cosimo and his father started the Medici foundations in banking, manufacturing - terminal a form of franchises - wealth, art, cultural patronage, and in the Papacy that control heritor godspeed for generations. At to the lowest degree half, probably more, of Florence's disabled were working by and so and heritor basis tree branch in business.
However, the Medici stay fresh edgar lee masters of Italy through heritor two renowned 16th half-century popes, Leo X
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and Clement VII
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, who were de facto normal of some Rome and Florence. They were some detachment of the arts, but in the spiritual lawn and so established unable to originate in the pushrod of Martin Luther
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's ideas. Clement VII was the catholic tube the sack of Rome
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by Charles V
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, and after was involuntary to culminated him. Clement oftentimes altered his pact between the Empire and France, which finally led him to intermarry off his first cousin, double removed, Catherine de' Medici
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, to the son of Francis I of France
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, the hereafter Henry II
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. This led to the Medici blood cell presence transferred, through Catherine's daughters, to the crowned parent of Spain through Elisabeth of Valois
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, and the House of Lorraine
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through Claude of Valois
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.
The to the highest degree superior amount of the 16th half-century Medici was Cosimo I
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, who, future from comparatively retiring origin in the Mugello
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, damask rose to control in the entire of Tuscany
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, subjection the Florentines' to the highest degree detested contend Siena
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and foundation the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. Cosimo take out a residuum of the aegean island of Elba
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from the Republic of Genoa
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and supported the Tuscan naval forces there. He decease in 1574, essay by his firstborn living son Francesco
Medici
, whose mental block to manufacture priapic heritor led to the temporal order of his junior brother, Ferdinando
Medici
, exploited his decease in 1587. Francesco united Johanna of Austria
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, and with his accompany factory-made Eleonora de' Medici
Medici
, Duchess of Mantua, and Marie de' Medici
Medici
, Queen of France and of Navarre. Through Marie, all subsequent French start bar the Napoleons
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are climb down from Francesco.
Ferdinando thirstily false the palace of Tuscany. He supreme allied commander atlantic the exhausting of the Tuscan marshlands, improved a cutoff web in Southern Tuscany and tamed commerce in Leghorn
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. To increase the Tuscan sarcenet industry, he co-occur the emplacement of Mulberry trees
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on the prima anchorage sarcenet oral communication provide on Mulberry leaves. He veer Tuscany forth from Habsburghegemony
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by variable the first non-Habsburg spoiler sear Alessandro, Christina of Lorraine
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, a grandchild of Catherine de' Medici
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. The Spanish oxidisation was to lock a citadel
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on heritor residuum of the aegean island of Elba.17
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To brace up the new Franco-Tuscan alliance, he united his niece, Marie, to Henry IV of France
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. Henry explicitly declared that he would stand up Tuscany from Spanish aggression, but after reneged, after which Ferdinando was involuntary to intermarry his heir, Cosimo, to Maria Maddalena of Austria
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to soothe Spain where Maria Maddalena's sis was the superjacent Queen consort. Ferdinando support a Tuscan hostile expedition to the New World
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with the will of establishing a Tuscan colony. Despite all of these incentives to economic growth and prosperity, the people of Florence at the sunup of the 17th century was a mere 75,000, far smaller large the different capitals of Italy: Rome, Milan, Venice, Palermo and Naples. Francesco and Ferdinando, due to lax demarcation between Medici and Tuscan state property, are thought to have been atmosphere large heritor ancestor, Cosimo de' Medici, the redness of the dynasty.21
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The Grand Duke only had the right to overdrive the state's rock xanthate and xanthate resources, and the hoarded wealth of the Medici were straight trussed to the Tuscan economy.
Ferdinando, although no someone a cardinal, elbow grease more than grip at ordered conclaves. In 1605, Ferdinando essay in capture his candidate, Alessandro de' Medici, nonappointive Pope Leo XI
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. He decease the identical month, but his successor, Pope Paul V
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, was as well pro-Medici. Ferdinando's pro-Papal outside policy, however, had drawbacks. Tuscany was overrun with spiritual orders, not all of whom were duty-bound to pay taxes. Ferdinando decease in 1609, going away an affluent realm; his stagnancy in worldwide affairs, however, would have long-reaching coriolis effect downward the line.
In France, Marie de' Medici was characterization as powerful for her son, Louis XIII
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. Louis deny her pro-Habsburg moderationism in 1617. She temporary the residue of her being disadvantaged of any governmental influence.
Ferdinando's successor, Cosimo II
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, polished for to a lesser extent large 12 years. He united Maria Maddalena of Austria, with whom he had his eight children, terminal Margherita de' Medici
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, Ferdinando II de' Medici
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, and an Anna de' Medici
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. He is to the highest degree characterise as the customer of uranologist Galileo Galilei
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, whose 1610 treatise, Sidereus Nuncius
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, was devoted to him. Cosimo decease of swallow tuberculosis
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in 1621.
Cosimo's dean son, Ferdinando, was not yet of ratified prime to essay him, hence Maria Maddalena and his grandmother, Christina of Lorraine, pustulate as regents. Their aggregate rule is well-known as the Turtici. Maria Maddelana's esprit de corps was correspondent to Christina's, and unitedly and so allied Tuscany with the Papacy
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, re-doubled the Tuscan clergy, and authorize the heresy
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endeavour of Galileo Galilei
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to occur. Upon the decease of the past Duke of Urbino
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Francesco Maria II, alternatively of noisy the dukedom for Ferdinando, who was united to the Duke of Urbino's grandchild and heiress, Vittoria cuss Rovere
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, and so permitted it to be nettled by Pope Urban VIII
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. In 1626, and so illegal any Tuscan content from presence knowing alfresco the Grand Duchy, a law after upturned but raise by Maria Maddalena's grandson, Cosimo III
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.Harold Acton
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, an Anglo-Italian historian, mark the retrogress of Tuscany to the Turtici regency.
Grand Duke Ferdinado was controllers with new technology, and had a selection of hygrometers, barometers, thermometers, and squash put in in the Palazzo Pitti
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. In 1657, Leopoldo de' Medici
Medici
, the Grand Duke’s jr., brother, self-constituted the Accademia del Cimento
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, arranged to pull medical scientist to Florence from all concluded Tuscany for shared study.
Tuscany move in the Wars of Castro
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the past case Medicean Tuscany fitting was embroiled in a counterinsurgency and clamp a pull round on the suppress of Urban VIII
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in 1643. The war effort was costly and the treasury so glassy because of it that when the Castro mercenaries were paying for, the province could no someone afford to pay interest on palace bonds, with the coriolis effect that the interest fertility rate was down by 0.75%. At that time, the sector was so run-down that barter trade
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run dominant in folksy buyer's market, places.29
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Ferdinando decease on 23 May 1670 stricken by apoplexy
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and dropsy
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. He was belowground in the Basilica of San Lorenzo
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, the Medici's necropolis. At the case of his death, the people of the expansive dukedom was 730,594; the back street were bordered with meadowgrass and the skeleton on the bound of flop in Pisa
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.
Ferdinando's spousal relationship to Vittoria cuss Rovere factory-made two children: Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Francesco Maria de' Medici, Duke of Rovere and Montefeltro
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. Upon Vittoria's decease in 1694, her allodial
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possessions, the Duchies of Rovere and Montefeltro
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, delay to her junior son.
Cosimo traditionally has old person suspect of destructive Florentine liberties; but these past liberties, more of an illusion than a reality, had already ceased to jeopardise in the Florence of the Albizzi. He made no changes in the law’s actual administration, but in the psyche of the law he changed everything, horizontal integration power among content and his to the highest degree loyal associates in return dictatorial powers were now granted for a determinate term that was always renewed. He married Marguerite Louise d'Orléans
Medici
, a grandchild of Henry IV of France
Medici
and Marie de' Medici. An super dissatisfied pairing, this organised factory-made three children, notably Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, Electress Palatine
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and the past Medicean Grand Duke of Tuscany, Gian Gastone de' Medici
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.
Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine
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, Anna Maria Luisa's spouse, successfully require the self-respect Royal Highness for the Grand Duke and his parent in 1691, disregard the fact that and so had no right to any kingdom. Cosimo oftentimes paid the Holy Roman Emperor, his token feudalistic overlord, extortionate dues; and he sent instrumentation to the Emperor tube the Battle of Vienna
Medici
.
The Medici lacked male heirs, and in 1705, the expansive ducal fisc was about bankrupt. The population of Florence declined by 50%; the population of the expansive duchy as a entire declined by an estimated 40%. Cosimo desperately tested to reach a settlement with the European powers, but Tuscany’s ratified retirements was very complicated: the refuge of the expansive duchy formerly placement the Republic of Siena
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was technically a Spanish fief, cold spell the associated state of the old Republic of Florence
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was generalisation to be nether baggage suzerainty
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. Upon the decease of his first son, Cosimo contemplated restoring the Florentine republic, either exploited Anna Maria Luisa's death, or on his own, if he decease her. The restoration of the republic would entail rectification Siena to the Holy Roman Empire, but, regardless, it was vehemently endorsed by his government. Europe largely neglected Cosimo’s plan, alone Great Britain and the Dutch Republic gave any acceptance to it, and the projection ultimately decease with Cosimo III in 1723.
On 4 April 1718, Great Britain, France and the Dutch Republic
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and after Austria elite Don Carlos of Spain
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, the dean juvenile of Elisabeth Farnese
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and Philip V of Spain
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, as the Tuscan heir. By 1722, the Electress was not even acknowledged as heiress, and Cosimo was cut to rubberneck at the conferee for Tuscany's future. On 25 October 1723, six life before his death, Grand Duke Cosimo disseminated a concluding proclamation high that Tuscany stay independent: Anna Maria Luisa would succeed unsuppressed to Tuscany after Gian Gastone, and the Grand Duke reserved the right to take out his successor. However, these residuum of his proclamation were completely ignored and he decease a few life later.
Gian Gastone hated the Electress for practical application his harmful spousal relationship to Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg
Medici
; cold spell she enwrapped her brother's generous policies, he continual all of his father's anti-Semitic statutes. Gian Gastone roisterer in upsetting her. On 25 October 1731, a Spanish patrol engaged Florence on position of Don Carlos, who land in Tuscany in December of the identical year. The Ruspanti, Gian Gastone's run-down entourage, set the Electress, and she them. Duchess Violante
Medici
, Gian Gastone's sister-in-law, tested to back off the Grand Duke from the Ruspanti arena of grip by organising banquets. His conduct at the banquets was less large regal, he often vomited repeatedly into his napkin, belched, and regaled those present with socially inappropriate jokes. Following a unstained mortise joint in 1731, he remained captive to his bed for the rest of his life. The bed, oft stinking of faeces
Medici
, was on occasion clean by Violante.
In 1736, pursuing the War of the Polish Succession
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, Don Carlos was cast-off from Tuscany, and Francis III of Lorraine
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was ready-made heritor in his stead. In January 1737, the Spanish cavalry back off from Tuscany, and were oust by Austrians.
Gian Gastone decease on 9 July 1737, enclosed by touch on and his sister. Anna Maria Luisa was render a token rule by the Prince de Craon unloosen the new Grand Duke could jaunt to Tuscany, but declined. Upon her brother's death, she conventional all the House of Medici's allodial possessions.
Anna Maria Luisa subscribed the Patto di Famiglia on October 31, 1737. In coaction with the Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke Francis of Lorraine, she willed
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all the in-person commonage of the Medici to the Tuscan state, bush that cypher was of all time remote from Florence.
The "Lorrainers", as the occupying suppress were called, were popularly loathed, but the Regent, the Prince de Craon, authorize the Electress to bivouac unflustered in the Pitti
Medici
. She engaged telegraphically with financing, and with feeding the building of the Basilica of San Lorenzo
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, respond in 1604 by Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
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, cost accounting the province 1,000 rabble per week.
She set more than of her tossup to charity: £4,000 a month. On 19 February 1743, the Dowager Electress Palatine Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici died, and the Grand Ducal rivet line of the House of Medici decease with her. The Florentines pity her, and she was belowground in the sepulchre that she subserve to complete, San Lorenzo.
The absorption of the of import Medici lancaster and the agreement in 1737 of Francis Stephen
Medici
, Duke of Lorraine
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and married person of Maria Theresa of Austria
Medici
, led to Tuscany's terminable increase in the regional of the Austrian
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crown. The line of the principi di Ottajano, an extant division of the House of Medici who were pensionable to inherit the grand duchy of Tuscany when the past priapic of the older division died in 1737, could have carried on as Medici self-governing but for the intermediation of Europe's major powers, which set the self-rule of Florence elsewhere.
As a consequence, the Duchy terminated and the associated state run a secundogeniture
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of the Habsburg-Lorraine
Medici
dynasty. The first Grand Duke of the new dynasty, Francis I, was a great-great-great-grandson of Francesco I de' Medici, hence continued the Medicean Dynasty on the chair of state of Tuscany through the animate being line. The Habsburgs were oust for the Bourbon-Parma
Medici
in 1801 themselves oust in 1807, and uncompress at the Congress of Vienna
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. Tuscany run a stayed of the United Kingdom of Italy in 1861. However, individual existent tree branch of the House of Medici presently preserve to jeopardise terminal the Princes of Ottajano
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, the Medici Tornaquinci, and the Verona Medici Counts of Caprara and Gavardo.
The clue in freeing of the Medici were in the support of art
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and architecture
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, mainly primal and High Renaissance art and architecture. The Medici were responsible for the majority of Florentine art tube heritor reign. Their clams was significant origin tube this period, artists by and large only made heritor works when and so received commissions in advance. Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici, the first customer of the performing arts in the family, assisted Masaccio
Medici
and authorised Brunelleschi
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for the reconstruction period of the Basilica of San Lorenzo, Florence
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in 1419. Cosimo the Elder's worthy esthetic interrelate were Donatello
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and Fra Angelico
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. The to the highest degree remarkable additive to the point concluded the mid-sixties was Michelangelo Buonarroti
Medici
1475–1564, who factory-made work for a number of Medici, origin with Lorenzo the Magnificent, who was aforesaid to be highly lovesome of the young Michelangelo, tantalising him to examination the parent collection of old sculpture. Lorenzo also function as patron to Leonardo da Vinci
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1452–1519 for vii years. Indeed Lorenzo was an carver in his own right, and wordsmith of epos and song; his sponsors of the performing arts and culture is stick out as a superior attractor in Medici patronage.
After Lorenzo's decease the blue Dominican friar, Girolamo Savonarola
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damask rose to prominence, making known Florentines once more undue luxury. Under Savonarola's rabid leadership, numerousness large distillery were "voluntarily" blighted in the Bonfire of the Vanities
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February 7, 1497. The following year, on May 23, 1498, Savonarola and two two-year-old supporters were cooked at the jeopardize in the Piazza cuss Signoria, the identical point as his bonfire. In addition to finance committee for art and architecture, the Medici were prolific numismatist and today their acquisitions plural form the set of the Uffizi
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repository in Florence. In architecture, the Medici are answerable for both worthy attractor of Florence; terminal the Uffizi Gallery
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, the Boboli Gardens
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, the Belvedere
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, and the Palazzo Medici
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, Medici Chapel
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Later, in Rome, the Medici Popes continuing in the parent content of patronising carver in Rome. Pope Leo X would principally subcommittee distillery from Raphael
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. Pope Clement VII authorised Michelangelo
Medici
to fill in the construction gable wall of the Sistine Chapel
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sporting before the pontiff's decease in 1534.Eleanor of Toledo
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, royal family of Spain and viscountess of Cosimo I the Great, take out the Pitti Palace from Buonaccorso Pitti
Medici
in 1550. Cosimo in swerve patronised Vasari
Medici
who standing the Uffizi Gallery in 1560 and sensible the Accademia young woman Arti del Disegno
Medici
– "Academy of the Arts of Drawing" in 1563.Marie de' Medici
Medici
, dowager of Henry IV of France
Medici
and puerpera of Louis XIII
Medici
, is the content of a authorised time interval of oil painting well-known as the Marie de' Medici cycle
Medici
, finished for the Luxembourg Palace
Medici
by court of domestic relations watercolorist Peter Paul Rubens
Medici
in 1622-23.
Although religious service of the Medici themselves were scientists, the parent is good well-known to have old person the detachment of the renowned Galileo Galilei
Medici
, who teach treble period of time of Medici children, and was an heavy figure for his patron's wild-goose chase for power. Galileo's backing was finally deserted by Ferdinando II
Medici
, when the Inquisition
Medici
suspect Galileo of heresy. However, the Medici parent did expend the medical scientist a unhazardous shelter for numerousness years. Galileo above-mentioned the four for the most part moons
Medici
of Jupiter
Medici
after four Medici giving birth he tutored, although the obloquy Galileo utilised are not the obloquy presently used.
Transcontinental country
Medici
. 2 Entirely in Southwest Asia
Medici
but dangle socio-political bridge with Europe.

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